Foot and mouth disease has always been considered a sufficiently serious infectious animal health problem for most developed countries to have expended a great deal of effort on its elimination. In contrast, many developing and in-transition countries lack the resources to eliminate the disease, continue to have endemic or sporadic occurrence of it, and therefore do not have OIE FMD-free status. Consequently, FMD is a significant barrier to trade in both live animals and many of their products, even products that do not cause the disease to spread.
Deboning beef is one of the main measures taken to mitigate the risk. 
This timely publication provides a detailed and comprehensive guide to all aspects of this trade.