Summary (continued)
The confirmation of footrot in HP and the fact that F. necrophorum and T. pyogenes were detected from cases of foot/hoof infection in high numbers emphasises that these organisms play an important role in inducing morbidity in migratory sheep and goats. The present investigation also confirms the detection of D. nodosus from cases of footrot for the first time from HP. With new reports identifying F. necrophorum as a pathogen with a potential role in aggravating infection caused by footrot, the development of a combined vaccine to prevent lameness in sheep and goats in the north-western Himalayan region has been suggested.