Summary (continued)
Brucella appears to have multiple mechanisms that subvert innate and adaptive immunity and prevent or minimise immunological responses. New technologies, such as DNA vaccines and nanoparticles, may be capable of delivering Brucella antigens in a way that induces protective immunity in domestic livestock or wildlife reservoirs of brucellosis. Because of the reemergence of brucellosis worldwide, with an increasing incidence of human infection, there is a great need for improved brucellosis vaccines. The greatest need is for new or improved vaccines against B. melitensis and B. suis.