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|Author(s) :||P.R. Murcia, M. Palmarini & S. Belák|
Recent years have witnessed an unprecedented advance in genomic sequencing technologies. It took 13 years, US$ 2.7 billion and an International Consortium composed of 20 different universities and research centres to complete the Human Genome Project in 2003, but today, less than 15 years later, we can sequence an individual human genome in a matter of days, with a cost of approximately US$ 1,000. This step change clearly illustrates how fast and how far sequencing technologies have advanced. Developments in high-throughput sequencing (HTS) have had a significant impact in all areas of biology and, of course, veterinary medicine is no exception. The list of animal genomes that have been sequenced is growing continuously and so is our knowledge of important genetic traits linked with resistance/susceptibility to diseases, which consequently results in improved animal welfare. We are also sequencing the genomes of a multitude of animal pathogens (viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites) at an incredible pace and, at the same time, we are discovering new pathogens almost on a daily basis.