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Epidemiology of brucellosis in domestic animals caused by Brucella melitensis, Brucella suis and Brucella abortus
|Author(s) :||E. Díaz Aparicio|
Brucellosis is a disease that causes severe economic losses for livestock farms worldwide. Brucella melitensis, B. abortus and B. suis, which are transmitted between animals both vertically and horizontally, cause abortion and infertility in their primary natural hosts – goats and sheep (B. melitensis), cows (B. abortus) and sows (B. suis). Brucella spp. infect not only their preferred hosts but also other domestic and wild animal species, which in turn can act as reservoirs of the disease for other animal species and humans. Brucellosis is therefore considered to be a major zoonosis transmitted by direct contact with animals and/or their secretions, or by consuming milk and dairy products.
Brucella abortus – Brucella melitensis – Brucella suis – Brucellosis – Epidemiology.