Presentation / objectives
Lumpy Skin Disease is a growing concern in Europe, due to the recent spread in Israel (2012), Turkey (2013), Azerbaijan (July 2014), Russia (July 2015), Greece (August 2015) and further spread into the Balkans in the course of 2016 (Bulgaria; fYROM; Serbia; Kosovo*).
A new initiative called Standing Group of Experts on Lumpy Skin Disease in South East Europe (hereafter referred as ‘SGE LSD ’) was launched on 4-5 July 2016 under the GF-TADs umbrella to build up a closer cooperation among countries affected by Lumpy Skin disease (LSD) and thereby, address the disease in a more collaborative and harmonised manner across the region.It is a unique opportunity to engage affected countries into a fruitful regional dialogue and increased transparency. The GF-TADs offers the ideal framework to discuss common / harmonized mitigation measures based on scientific and technical grounds. LSD was discussed during the 6th meeting of the GF-TADs for Europe Steering Committee (RSC6).
The Standing Group of Expertson LSD builds on the succesful experience of a similar mechanism for African swine fever in the Baltic and Eastern Europe region established in 2014 (link to the SGE ASF).
LSD SGE Members:
- Chair: President of the GF-TADs for Europe (Dr B. Van Goethem)
- Vice-chairs: President of the Bureau of the OIE Regional Commission for Europe [Dr M. Balodis]; Vice-President of the Bureau of the OIE Regional Commission for Europe and Vice-President of the GF-TADs for Europe [Dr U. Herzog];
- Members of the SGE LSD: Albania, Armenia (2), Austria, Azerbaijan (2), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kosovo* (1), Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine
- Observer country: EU Presidency
- Organisations: EC - OIE - FAO
- Experts: designated on an ad hoc basis
Secretariat: OIE sub-regional Representation in Brussels ([email protected])
(1) References to Kosovo shall be understood to be in the context of Security Council resolution 1244 (1999)
These countries have joined the SGE LSD as members as of SGE LSD9, on 17 October 2019.
SGE LSD meetings and teleconferences
First meeting (SGE LSD1) - Brussels, July 2016
Second meeting (SGE LSD2) - Lisbon, September 2016
Third meeting (SGE LSD3) - Istanbul, December 2016
SGE LSD Teleconference on LSD Vaccination programmes for 2017
Fourth meeting (SGE LSD4) - Paris, May 2017
Fifth meeting (SGE LSD5) - Budva, October 2017
SGE LSD Teleconference on LSD Vaccination programmes for 2018
Sifth meeting (SGE LSD6) - Paris, May 2018
Seventh meeting (SGE LSD7) - Ohrid, October 2018
SGE LSD Teleconference on LSD Vaccination programmes for 2019, February 2019
Eighth meeting (SGE LSD8) - Paris, May 2019
Ninth meeting (SGE LSD9) - Athens, October 2019 UPDATED
Kick off meeting (SGE LSD1, 5-6 July 2016, Brussels / Belgium)
A first meeting will take place on 4-5 July 2016 in Brussels, Belgium.
The objectives of this first meeting were to set up the Standing Group of Experts on LSD, provide a first update of the situation in each country (tour de table), provide general recommendations for the Region and agree on agenda (specific topic), date and venue of the next meeting (SGE LSD2) to be held before the end of 2016.
Setting the scene presentation (GF-TADs Secretariat)
SGE LSD Modus Operandi
RSC6 Recommendations: Governance; Diseases
EFSA 2015 Scientific Opinion on LSD
Report of the 2016 EFSA/SANTE Workshop on LSD
SGE LSD1 recommendations
Bosnia and Herzegovina
LSD Epidemiology (Dr. E. Tuppurainen)
LSD Laboratory diagnosis (Dr. E. Tuppurainen)
LSD Control and eradication (Dr. K. de Clercq)
FAO presentation on LSD (Dr E. Raizman)
Outcomes of the joint EFSA-SANTE workshop (11-12 MAy 2016) and recent EFSA activities on LSD (Dr A. Gervelmeyer)
* : This designation is without prejudice to position on status, and is in line with UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99 and the International Court of Justice Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence
SGE LSD2 (21 September 2016, Lisbon / Portugal)
The second meeting of the Standing Group of Experts for LSD in South East Europe took place in Libon / Portugal on 21 September 2016, in the margins of the OIE 27th Conference of the OIE Regional Commission for Europe.
It was a short meeting (1,5 hour) mainly dedicated to presentations by countries to understand the evolution of their epidemiological situation since the SGE LSD1 (Brussels / Belgium; 4-5 July 2016) and their vaccination programme (or other prevention and control measures). Country presentations are available below.
1- The SGE LSD1 Report was endorsed.
2- The European Commission indicated that:
-- 2,5 million doses of quality vaccines are currently being procured and that Balkans countries will be able to ask the Commission for additional vaccine supply as appropriate;
-- Balkan countries could request the reimbursement of the vaccines they had purchased from their national budget and used over the past three months.
3.- The 2 SGE LSD Experts, Dr E. Tuppurainen and K. de Clercq, insisted on the need to conduct independent quality control of heterologous LSD vaccines.
4- A new set of modern EU control and preventive measures (Commission Implementing Decision - link to be provided) to combat LSD were endorsed on 14 September 2016 by EU Member State experts, following the outcomes of the Ministerial Conference on LSD held in Sofia / Bulgaria on 8-9 September 2016 [Sofia high level ministerial conference conclusions]. All SGE LSD countries will be requested to fill annex II of the Decision on the minimum requirements for LSD vaccination programmes and send it back to the GF-TADs for Europe Secretariat (the template is currently being prepared by the Secretariat and will be circulated very soon to the countries). The information collated will serve as a basis to prepare a robust long-term LSD control strategy for the whole Balkan region, under the GF-TADs.
5- The SGE LSD3 meeting (1,5 day) will be held in Istanbul / Turkey on 12 and 13 December 2016. The Secretariat will send all technical and logistical details in due time.
SGE LSD2 - country report - Albania
SGE LSD2 - country report - Bosnia and Herzegovina
SGE LSD2 - country report - Bulgaria
SGE LSD2 - country report - Croatia
SGE LSD2 - country report - FYROM
SGE LSD2 - country report - Kosovo
SGE LSD2 - country report - Montenegro
SGE LSD2 - country report - Romania
SGE LSD2 - country report - Russia
SGE LSD2 - country report - Serbia
Control and eradication of Lumpy Skin Disease in South East Europe (E. Tuppurainen and N. Galon) [techical Item II of the 27th conference of the OIE regional Commission for Europe]
SGE LSD3 (12-13 December 2016, Istanbul / Turkey)
The third meeting of the Standing Group of Experts for LSD in South East Europe took place in Istanbul / Turkey on 12-13 December 2016.
The objectives of this third meeting were to (i) report on the latest LSD epidemiological evolution in the region and control measures put in place by countries; (ii) gain a deeper understanding of vaccines and vaccination strengths and weaknesses in the region (Expert reports); and (iii) on these bases, discuss a commonLSD vaccination strategy for the region.
Main outcomes: (to be completed)
- Discussion on an harmonized LSD vaccination in South East Europe and related recommendations
- Many issues on LSD still deserve further discussion, specially as regards the vaccines. Recommendation on the use of homologous vs heterologous shall be discussed again in the future.
- the next meeting (LSD4) will be held in Paris in May 2017, in the margins of the 85th OIE General Session.
- LSD3 agenda
- LSD3 List of participants
Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/2009 of 15 November 2016 approving the vaccination programmes against lumpy skin disease submitted by the Member States
- LSD vaccination data collection - results (D. Dilaveris)
- LSD3 Recommendations (final)
LSD situation in Europe (D. Dilaveris)
Vaccination against lumpy skin disease in Western Balkan (E. Tuppurainen)
LSD vaccine quality (K. de CLercq)
Homologous versus heterologous LSD vaccines: Pros and Cons (N. Galon)
EFSA activities on LSD: recent and on-going work (A. Broglia)
SGE LSD Teleconference on LSD vaccination programmes (23 February 2017)
A teleconference was organised on 23 February 2017 with all countries of Europe involved in a vaccination programme to get an update on their estimated number of vaccine doses needed, state of play of national procurement, doses purchased already and estimated to be purchased as well as the estimated date of start of vaccination campaign for 2017.
The European Commission also provided information on the possible EU support for LSD vaccination in 2017 (reimbursement for the cost of vaccines purchased by national funds;
Cost-free donations from the EU LSD vaccine bank).
Report of the Teleconference
Annex - 2017 LSD vaccination Table
SGE LSD4 (24 May 2017, Paris / France - in the margins of the OIE 85th General Session)
Representatives of the European Commission (EC), the FAO and the OIE, together with national delegates of 18 participating countries attended the SGE LSD4, at Maison de la Chimie, from 13 to 14:30pm on 24 May 2017. The meeting was also attended by numerous delegates of observer countries in Europe, following an open invitation from the GF-TADs chair, Dr B. Van Goethem.
The main objectives of the SGE LSD4 meeting were for the SGE LSD countries to provide updates on (i) their epidemiological situation; (ii) their national procedures for the purchase of LSD vaccines; and (iii) the progress of their vaccination campaigns. Latest developments regarding possible EC support (to be targetted in priority to Albania, Kosovo*, ad Greece) as well as the OIE LSD Chapter proposed for adoption during the 85th OIE General Session were also shared with participants. The Report below and it annex provide detailed information about the meeting and its outcomes.
The next meeting will be held in Montenegro on 19-20 October 2017 (to be confirmed). Relevant information will be provided in due time, in close collaboration with the Delegate of Montenegro, Mrs Vesna Dakovic.
- SGE LSD4 Agenda
SGE LSD4 Report
- SGE LSD4 Annex (Vaccination table)
SGE LSD5 (19-20 October 2017, Budva / Montenegro)
The fifth meeting of the Standing Group of Experts for LSD in South East Europe (SGE LSD5) took place in Budva / Montenegro on 19-20 October 2017.
The objectives of this fifth meeting were to
(i) report on the latest LSD epidemiological evolution in the region and in countries since the SGE LSD4 (Paris, May 2017);
for countries, to give an update of their 2017 LSD vaccination campaign (and other control measures) and prospect for 2018;
(iii) have an update on the diagnosis and vaccination tools made available to countries;
(iv) on these bases, discuss a common LSD vaccination strategy for the region for 2018, and possibly start thinking of an exit vaccination strategy as relevant.
- Discussion on an harmonized LSD vaccination in South East Europe for 2018 and related recommendations
- the next meeting (LSD6) will be held in [country] in [Month] 2018, and the following one, the SGE LSD7 in the margins of the 86th OIE General Session (May 2018).
- LSD5 agenda
- LSD5 List of participants
- LSD situation in Europe (D. Dilaveris)
- LSD vaccination data collection
- SGE LSD5 Recommendations
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
Update on the LSD diagnosis, vaccines and other aspects (K. de CLercq)
EFSA activities on LSD: recent and on-going work (A. Broglia)
Environmental impact of different disposal methods of bovine carcasses (Lori P. Miller)
SGE LSD Teleconference on LSD vaccination programmes (26 February 2018)
A teleconference was organised on 26 February 2018 with the SGE LSD Member countries, chaired by the President ofthe GF-TADs for Europe Dr Bernard Van Goethem. Its objective was to get an update on countries 2018 LSD vaccination plans, the estimated number of vaccine doses needed, the state of play of national procurement, vaccine doses in stock from previous year, doses estimated to be purchased as well as doses to be provided by the EU LSD vaccine bank in 2018.
The European Commission also provided information on the possible EU support for LSD vaccination in 2018 in South Europe (cost-free donations from the EU LSD vaccine bank; reimbursement for the cost of vaccines purchased by national funds and used in 2017).
Report of the Teleconference
Annex - 2018 LSD vaccination Table
Finally Dr Van Goethem highlighted the excellent animation on the progress of LSD vaccination in 2016 and 2017 and reported LSD outbreaks in South East Europe done by EFSA demonstrating the efficiency of the GF-TADs coordinated policy of vaccination against LSD in South East Europe (from 1/2016 to 12/2017), using GF-TADs / EU data and financed by the EU. This shows clearly the GF-TADs added value in the animal health area (value for money for Europe).
SGE LSD6 (23 May 2018, Paris / France)
The sixth meeting of the Standing Group of Experts for LSD in South East Europe (SGE LSD6) took place in Paris / France on 23 May 2018, in the margin of the 86th OIE General Session.
This short meeting was aimed at getting an update from countries on the implementation of their 2018 LSD vaccination campaign, as a follow up of the videoconference held earlier in February 2018 (see above).
SGE LSD6 Report
2018 country vaccination data
The next meeting of the GF TADs SGE LSD (SGE LSD6) will be held in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Ohrid) on 18 - 19 October 2018, where discussions are planned for an LSD ‘‘exit strategy’’.
Further information will be provided in due time on this page.
SGE LSD7 (18-19 October 2018, Ohrid / the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)
The seventh meeting of the standing group of experts on lumpy skin disease (SGE LSD7) took place in Ohrid, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, on 18 and 19 October 2018.
The main objectives of the SGE LSD7 were to have an update on the epidemiological and vaccination situation in each country, and to agree on a coordinated vaccination exit strategy.
14 countries attended the meeting. They presented their epidemiological situation, activities and plans in terms of vaccination. EFSA presented the report on LSD control and surveillance, just published, the EU reference laboratory for LSD its current activities, and the EuFMD the surveillance programme implemented in the Thrace region.
Report of the SGE LSD7.
- Following scientific advice from EFSA and EURL and based on the last epidemiological situation, the standing group of experts eventually recommended that vaccination be maintained in 2019 in Albania, Greece, Kosovo*, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Turkey, and in part of Serbia and Bulgaria at least.
- Next steps: an audioconference will be organised in the beginning of 2019 to check on vaccine availability and supply needs in the member countries; the SGE LSD8 will take place in the margins of the 87 th OIE general session in May 2019, and the SGE LSD9 at a later stage in Serbia.
- LSD7 agenda
- LSD7 List of participants
- Family picture
EFSA report: “Lumpy skin disease about scientific and technical assistance on control and surveillance activities”
- EU support for LSD vaccination - N. Krieger
Epidemiological situation and vaccination
(update since LSD 6) - D. Dilaveris
- LSD vaccination exit strategy in South East Europe:
Possibilities and Challenges - D. Dilaveris
SGE LSD7 recommendations
- The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
EFSA report on scientific assistance on control and surveillance activities - A. Broglia
work programme 2018 - K. de Clerck
THRACE surveillance programme - K.
SGE LSD Teleconference on LSD vaccination programmes (25 February 2019)
13 of the 21 members of the SGE LSD attended the teleconference organised on 25 February 2019. The possible vaccine availability and supply needs were expressed by each participant and acknowledged by the European Commission as regards requests to be covered by the EU vaccine bank and/or possible reimbursement for the cost of vaccines purchased through national funds.
The European Commission can also provide support for surveillance where vaccination has ceased or is reduced in the framework of the vaccination exit strategy. Formal requests and relevant surveillance plans need to be submitted to the European Commission.
The next meetings of the SGE LSD will take place in Paris on 29 May 2019 and in Serbia next autumn.
List of participants
Report of the LSD Teleconference
Annex - LSD teleconference country information
SGE LSD8 (28 May 2019, Paris / France)
The Eighth meeting of the Standing Group of Experts on Lumpy Skin Disease in South East Europe (SGE LSD8) took place in Paris on 28 May 2019, as a side event of the 87 th General Session of the OIE. Member countries reported on the latest LSD epidemiological situation and measures in their territories.
The favourable LSD situation in SE Europe, observed since 2018, continues in 2019 too. No new outbreaks have been reported to date in the Balkans Region. In Turkey, 3 outbreaks have been confirmed since the beginning of the year in the Eastern and North Eastern parts of Anatolia only.
LSD annual vaccination is now taking place only in countries affected by LSD in the past (cease of LSD preventive vaccination).
The SGE LSD9 meeting will take place in Athens, Greece, on 16 and 17 October 2019.
Report of SGE LSD8
Agenda of SGE LSD8 and pictures 1 and 2
2019 country vaccination data
Presentation (European Commission):
Lumpy skin disease overview of LSD occurrence and control in South-East Europe
SGE LSD9 (16-17 October 2019, Athens / Greece)
The ninth meeting of the standing group of experts on lumpy skin disease (SGE LSD9) took take place in Athens, Greece, on 16 and 17 October 2019.
It included an additional session on rabies surveillance.
Report of the SGE LSD9
As regards the main session on LSD, the discussion focused on the continuation of the vaccination exit strategy in the Balkans. The standing group of experts eventually recommended, in particular, that vaccination be maintained in 2020 at least in Turkey, Albania and the high-risk areas of Greece and Bulgaria; that all countries/territory in the region submit to the GF-TADs Secretariat, no later than 31 January 2020: 1/ a final report detailing the LSD vaccine coverage achieved in their territories in 2019 and any LSD occurrence; and 2/ their LSD surveillance plans for 2020. Armenia and Azerbaijan were also welcomed as members of the SGE LSD.
Next steps on LSD: an audioconference of the SGE LASD will be organised in the beginning of 2020; the SGE LSD10 will take place in the margins of the 88 th OIE general session in May 2020, and the SGE LSD11 next October, possibly in Israel.
As regards the additional session on Rabies, the standing group of experts recommended that competent authorities consider passive surveillance as a top priority both in free and non-free areas. Moreover, the coordination of vaccination activities along the borders should be encouraged and monitored by the relevant members of the bureau of the OIE regional Commission for Europe.
The 2nd meeting of the GF-TADs' Standing Group of Experts on Rabies will take place in June 2020 in Zagreb, Croatia.
- LSD9 agenda
- LSD9 list of participants
- Family picture and photos (meeting room 1, 2, 3, 4)
MAIN SESSION ON LSD
SGE LSD9 recommendations on LSD
Country update presentations
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Kazakhstan (English version - Russian version)
- North Macedonia
- LSD in Central Asia - R. Abascal, OIE Nur-Sultan
- LSD epidemiological situation in Europe and neighbouring areas - occurence and vaccination - D. Dilaveris, European Commission
Current FAO initiatives on LSD in the region - E. Raizman, FAO Budapest
The different strategies of fighting LSD in Israel in five outbreaks, between 1989 and 2019. What have we learned? - M. Bellaiche, Israel.
Update on the LSD epidemiology
in Russia 2015-2018 - A. Sprygin - ARRIAH. To play the animation of slide number 8, please click here.
- Surveillance and control of
Lumpy Skin Disease:
key messages by EFSA - A. Broglia, EFSA
Lumpy skin disease
Diagnostic tools - K. de Clerck, EU reference laboratory
ADDITIONAL SESSION ON RABIES SURVEILLANCE
SGE LSD9 recommendations on Rabies
Country update presentations
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- North Macedonia
Rabies surveillance and control in Europe - P. Rosao-Martin, European Commission