Summary (continued)
In this paper the authors explore some of the questions surrounding breeding and welfare and, specifically, how to conceptualise and improve the ‘fit’ between the selected animal and the environment, or system, in which the animal is reared and managed. The authors conclude that there is a need for a better understanding of genotype × environment effects on health and welfare traits in order to inform the development of breeding programmes that lead to improved environmental fit in animals. They also see the need for the development of valid traits for assessing health and welfare, greater consideration of early life effects that can also potentially affect environmental fit and a need to consider the impacts of climate change on breeding programmes.