As H.V. Wyatt observed, ‘History may repeat as farce, but diseases recur with historical memories.’ Though research into zoonotic brucellosis served as a basis for some of the great early advances in epidemiology, the disease continues to cause important medical, veterinary, socioeconomic, and conservation problems throughout the world, mainly because its overall burden remains underestimated and often neglected.
Brucella manifests anywhere and knows no borders, moving liberally amongst humans, livestock, and terrestrial and aquatic wildlife. Consequently, there is a pressing need for a critical deliberation of the epidemiology, pathogenesis and diagnosis of brucellosis, and of the prevention and management of this disease.