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Using animals in research, testing and teaching
|Author(s) :||C. Gauthier & G. Griffin|
The authors describe landmarks in animal-based research and examine key moral statements on the use of animals in scientific research. The principles of ‘reduction, replacement and refinement’ are suggested as a focus around which both the animal welfare and the scientific communities of the world can unite. This paper reviews the progress achieved in the replacement of animal use by non-animal methods, with a focus on regulatory testing. In addition, it presents evidence of a reduction in the numbers of animals used throughout the 1990s. The authors also emphasise the need for concerted efforts to contain a potential escalation in these figures, resulting from current inefficiencies in creating genetically modified animals and increasing demands for regulatory testing.