Excerpt of product info
|Product title :||
Eastern Europe and the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics: animal health systems in transition
|Author(s) :||T.W. Schillhorn van Veen|
The economic transition in Eastern Europe and the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) during the last decade has profoundly changed the agricultural sector and the well-being of people in rural areas. Farm ownership changed; selected farm assets, including livestock, were transferred to farm workers or others, and the social and service structures of rural society are in a state of uncertainty. The transition has, in general, led to the deterioration of rural services. Animal health services have also deteriorated. This decline is associated with the contraction of the livestock inventory, the fragmentation of farms, higher transaction costs for service providers, and the overall decline of the rural economy which has, so far, lowered the demand for animal health services. There are considerable differences in the way that these countries are coping with the economic transition and its aftermath. Among the determining factors in the former USSR are, as follows: –the speed of recovery from the legacies of large State-controlled farming and a centrally planned animal health system –the efforts made to address poverty reduction –the choice on whether to become a Member of the World Trade Organization and the requirements of such membership –the ability to provide low-cost services to a fragmented and unskilled livestock production sector.