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Product title :

The immune response of guinea pigs and buffalo calves to the locally prepared Brucella abortus strain 19 vaccine

Author(s) : S.M. Jamal, M. Afzal & S. Ahmed

Summary :

Brucella abortus vaccine was prepared from strain 19 imported from Germany. The vaccine induced a good immune response in guinea pigs as evidenced by a serological titre of 328 international units (IU)/ml 10 days post-vaccination. Vaccinated guinea pigs also withstood an experimental challenge of 5,000colony-forming units of a locally isolated virulent B. abortus strain. This vaccine, containing 7 × 1010 viable organisms, induced a significant immune response in 8 to 10.5 month old female buffalo calves. Significant serum agglutination test (SAT) titres were seen on day 7 following vaccination. The highest SAT titres were observed on day 14 post-vaccination and the titres started declining thereafter. The rate of decrease was slow from day 14 to day 49 post-vaccination; however, a rapid decrease in titres was seen from day 49 to day 91 post-vaccination. Negligible SAT titres were observed on day 91 post-vaccination. Specific immunoglobulin G titres, as measured by 2-mercaptoethanol treated SAT, also followed a similar trend and the titre of all five of the calves that were vaccinated became zero on day 91 post-vaccination.

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