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Product title :

An outbreak of peste des petits ruminants in migratory flocks of sheep and goats in Egypt in 2006

Author(s) : I.H.A. Abd El-Rahim, S.S.A. Sharawi, M.R. Barakat & E.M. El-Nahas

Summary :

An outbreak of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) was recorded in Kalubia province, Egypt in 2006, affecting a large population of migratory goats and sheep over a huge geographical area. Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory investigations were performed. Diseased animals showed pyrexia, erosive stomatitis, enteritis and bronchopneumonia. Clinical manifestations were more severe in goats. The overall morbidity, cumulative mortality and case fatality rates were 26.1%, 10.5% and 40.2%, respectively, and were significantly higher in young animals. Post-mortem examination showed emaciation, congested mucous membranes, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, haemorrhagic necrosis of the abomasal and intestinal mucosa, pleurisy and lung consolidation. Forty oculonasal swabs and 243 serum samples from diseased animals were tested for PPR antigen and antibodies using immunocapture and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), respectively. PPR antigen was detected in 30/40 (75%) of the swabs.
 
Keywords
Cell culture – Clinical manifestation – Egypt – Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay – Epizootiology – Fluorescent antibody technique – Migratory sheep and goats – Outbreak – Peste des petits ruminants – Post-mortem findings.

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