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Product title :

Swine vesicular disease in northern Italy: diffusion through densely populated pig areas

Author(s) : S. Bellini, L. Alborali, G. Zanardi, D. Avisani, V. Bonazza & E. Brocchi

Summary :

At the end of 2006, a recrudescence of swine vesicular disease (SVD) was recorded in Italy and the disease spread widely throughout the northern regions. Lombardy, a densely populated pig area, was most affected and the presence of the disease caused heavy economic losses to the entire pig industry. Although SVD is considered only moderately contagious, the epidemic in the north was characterised by a rapid spread of the condition. Numerous difficulties were encountered in eradicating it. Over the past decade, there has been a significant increase in the population of pigs in Lombardy, concentrated mainly in a few areas which were the most severely affected during the 2006 to 2007 SVD epidemic. Increases in both the pig population and animal movements, combined with weak biosecurity measures, increased the spread rate of the disease and hampered eradication activities.
 
Keywords
Biosecurity – Densely populated area – Eradication – Italy – Lombardy – Pigs – Surveillance – Swine – Swine vesicular disease.

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