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Product title :

The OIE World Animal Health Information System: the role of OIE Reference Laboratories and Collaborating Centres in disease reporting

Author(s) : K. Ben Jebara

Summary :

One of the main objectives of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is to ensure transparency in and knowledge of the world animal health situation. To achieve this objective, the OIE relies on its network of Member Countries, which is complemented by the activities of 221 Reference Laboratories (RLs) and Collaborating Centres. The RL mandate states that, in the case of positive results for diseases notifiable to the OIE, the laboratory should inform the OIE Delegate of the Member Country from which the samples originated and send a copy of the information to OIE Headquarters. However, since 2006 the OIE has received a lower than expected number of notifications from RLs, which implies either that the majority of samples are sent to national laboratories or that some RLs are not fully complying with their mandate.
 
Keywords
Animal disease – Animal/human interface – Collaborating Centre – Early warning – ISO 17025 – Non-official information – One World, One Health – Reference Laboratory – Transparency – WAHID – WAHIS – Wildlife disease – Zoonotic disease.

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