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|Author(s) :||G. Koch, M. Steensels & T. van den Berg|
Most avian influenza (AI) vaccination and field studies have focused on chickens and turkeys because of their high death rates and the large amounts of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus that they excrete into the environment when infected. Data on vaccination of other species against HPAI remain limited.
An increasing number of studies have been conducted to test the efficacy of inactivated vaccines in ducks and geese since it became clear that these species are a source of HPAI H5N1. One problem is the varying susceptibility of waterfowl to H5N1 in general, and to different H5N1 clades in particular. This makes the extrapolation of protection results obtained for a particular waterfowl species against a particular viral strain very difficult.
Anseriformes – Avian influenza – Companion bird – Effectiveness – Efficacy – Endangered bird species – Game bird – H5N1 – Highly pathogenic avian influenza – Vaccination – Zoo bird.