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Product title :

Vaccination as a tool to combat introductions of notifiable avian influenza viruses in Europe, 2000 to 2006

Author(s) : I. Capua, A. Schmitz, V. Jestin, G. Koch & S. Marangon

Summary :

In late 2000, Italy was the first country of the European Union (EU) to implement an emergency vaccination programme against notifiable avian influenza. Vaccination with a conventional vaccine containing a seed strain with a different neuraminidase subtype from that of the field virus was used to complement biosecurity and restriction measures as part of an overall eradication strategy. This vaccination technique, in line with the Differentiating Infected from Vaccinated Animals system (DIVA), was applied several times until March 2008. This strategy enabled the identification of field exposed flocks and ultimately the eradication of low pathogenic H7N1, H7N3 and H5N2 infections. Italy was also the first country to implement a bivalent H5/H7 prophylactic vaccination programme of defined poultry populations, which was discontinued in December 2006.
 
Keywords
Avian influenza – Control – Epidemiology – Europe – Vaccination.

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