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Product title :

Avian influenza viruses in humans

Author(s) : J.S. Malik Peiris

Summary :

Past pandemics arose from low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses. In more recent times, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1, LPAI H9N2 and both HPAI and LPAI H7 viruses have repeatedly caused zoonotic disease in humans. Such infections did not lead to sustained human-to-human transmission. Experimental infection of human volunteers and seroepidemiological studies suggest that avian influenza viruses of other subtypes may also infect humans. Viruses of the H7 subtype appear to have a predilection to cause conjunctivitis and influenza-like illness (ILI), although HPAI H7N7 virus has also caused fatal respiratory disease.
 
Keywords
Avian influenza – Clinical – Epidemiology – Experimental – H5N1 – H7N7 – H9N2 – Pandemic – Pathogenesis – Risk assessment – Transmission.

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