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Product title :

The World Organisation for Animal Health and the World Health Organization: intergovernmental disease information and reporting systems and (…)

Author(s) : P. Cáceres, L. Awada, P. Barboza, H. Lopez-Gatell & P. Tizzani

Summary :

Only two international organisations have a global legal framework that allows them to request, collect, and release global animal or human health information: the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), which is responsible for transparently assessing the global animal health situation, and the World Health Organization (WHO), which is responsible for transparently assessing the global human health situation. Legal instruments bind OIE Member Countries and WHO States Parties (OIE’s Standards and WHO’s International Health Regulations [IHR]) to report certain disease outbreaks and public health events to their respective organisations. OIE Member Countries must report exceptional epidemiological events involving any OIE-listed diseases, including zoonoses. Moreover, they must notify the OIE of any emerging animal diseases. The IHR require WHO Member States to provide notification of events that may constitute a public health emergency of international concern. These include, but are not restricted to, outbreaks of communicable diseases of international concern.

Keywords
Disease notification – Early warning – Information dissemination – International Health Regulations – Sensitivity – Transparency – World Animal Health Information System – World Health Organization – World Organisation for Animal Health.

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