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Product title :

Economic assessment of an emerging disease: the case of Schmallenberg virus in France

Author(s) : A. Waret-Szkuta, P. Alarcon, B. Häsler, J. Rushton, F. Corbière & D. Raboisson

Summary :

Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was first detected in 2011 in Germany and then in France in 2012. This study simulates the production of different ruminant systems in France and estimates, through partial budget analyses, the economic cost of SBV at the farm level, under two disease scenarios (a high-impact and low-impact scenario). A partial budget is used to evaluate the financial effect of incremental changes, and includes only resources or production that will be changed. In the high-impact scenario, the estimated impact of SBV ranged from €23 to €43 per cow per year and €19 to €37 per ewe per year. In the low-impact scenario, it was approximately half (for cows) or one-third (for ewes) of this amount. These financial impacts represent 0.6% to 63% of the gross margin, depending on the chosen scenario and the livestock system being considered. The impacts of SBV come mainly from: the extra costs from purchasing and raising replacement heifers and losses in milk production (dairy cows); the losses in calf or lamb production (beef systems and meat sheep); and the losses in milk production and from unsold replacement lambs (dairy sheep).

Beef suckler – Bovine – Cow – Dairy cow – Dairy sheep – Ewe – France – Gross margin – Ovine – Partial budget – Production model –Schmallenberg virus – Sheep.

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