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Product title :

Cost-effective control strategies for animal and zoonotic diseases in pastoralist populations

Author(s) : J. Zinsstag, M.F. Abakar, M. Ibrahim, R. Tschopp, L. Crump, B. Bonfoh & E. Schelling

Summary :

Animal diseases and zoonoses abound among pastoralist livestock, which is composed of cattle, sheep, goats, yak, camels, llamas, reindeer, horses and donkeys. There is endemic and, periodically, epidemic transmission of highly contagious viral and bacterial diseases in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Pastoralist livestock is often multiparasitised with endo- and ectoparasites, as well as being affected by vector-borne viral and protozoal diseases. Pastoral livestock can be a reservoir of such diseases and can also, conversely, be at risk from exposure to wildlife reservoirs. Public and private animal health services currently underperform in almost all pastoral areas due to structural reforms and lack of income, as indicated in assessments of national Veterinary Services by the World Organisation for Animal Health. Control of infectious disease in industrialised countries has been achieved through large-scale public funding of control measures and compensation for culled stock. Such means are not available in pastoralist areas of most low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Keywords

Animal disease – Animal health service – Benefit–cost ratio – Disease control – Disease surveillance – Low-income country – One Health – Pastoralism – Public health – Transboundary disease – Zoonosis.

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