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Product title :

Japanese encephalitis

Author(s) : K. Morita, T. Nabeshima & C.C. Buerano

Summary :

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an inflammation of the central nervous system in humans and animals, specifically horses and cattle. The disease, which can sometimes be fatal, is caused by the flavivirus Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), of which there are five genotypes (genotypes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5). The transmission cycle of the virus involves pigs and wild birds as virus amplifiers and mosquitoes as vectors for transferring the virus between amplifying hosts and to dead-end hosts, i.e. humans, horses and cattle. In horses and cattle the disease is usually asymptomatic, but when clinical signs do occur they include fever, decreased appetite, frothing at the mouth, rigidity of the legs and recumbency, and neurological signs, such as convulsive fits, circling, marked depression and disordered consciousness. In pigs, it can cause abortion and stillbirths.

Keywords
Amplifier – Cattle – Clinical sign – Culex tritaeniorhynchus – Diagnosis – Genotype shift – Horse – Japanese encephalitis virus – Pig – Wild bird.

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