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Geographic range of vector-borne infections and their vectors: the role of African wildlife
|Author(s) :||M. van Vuuren & B.L. Penzhorn|
The role of African wildlife in the occurrence of vector-borne infections in domestic animals has gained renewed interest as emerging and re-emerging infections occur worldwide at an increasing rate. In Africa, biodiversity conservation and the expansion of livestock production have increased the risk of transmitting vector-borne infections between wildlife and livestock. The indigenous African pathogens with transboundary potential, such as Rift Valley fever virus, African horse sickness virus, bluetongue virus, lumpy skin disease virus, African swine fever virus, and blood-borne parasites have received the most attention. There is no evidence for persistent vector-borne viral infections in African wildlife. For some viral infections, wildlife may act as a reservoir through the inter-epidemic circulation of viruses with mild or subclinical manifestations.
Africa – African horse sickness – African swine fever – Anaplasmosis – Bluetongue – Bovine ephemeral fever – Buffalo-associated Theileria parva – Ehrlichia ruminantium – Endemic stability – Heartwater – Lumpy skin disease – Nagana – Rift Valley fever – Theileria parva – Trypanosomosis – Vector – Vector-borne infection – Viraemia – West Nile virus – Wildlife.