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Product title :

Lumpy skin disease in cattle in central Ethiopia: outbreak investigation and isolation and molecular detection of the virus

Author(s) : G. Ayelet, R. Haftu, S. Jemberie, A. Belay, E. Gelaye, B. Sibhat, E. Skjerve & K. Asmare

Summary :

No. 14082014-00038-EN

The study was a combination of two investigations into active outbreaks of lumpy skin disease (LSD) in cattle in central Ethiopia and a retrospective analysis of outbreak reports between January 2007 and December 2011 covering the entire country. Active outbreaks were investigated in four districts of central Ethiopia: Adama, Wenji, Mojo and Welenchiti. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to acquire data at individual and herd levels, and tissue samples were collected for viral isolation and characterisation. The retrospective analyses showed that, during the five-year period, a total of 1,675 outbreaks were reported, with 62,176 cases and 4,372 deaths. The highest number of outbreaks was reported in Oromia (1,066), followed by Amhara (365) and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region (123). Outbreaks were more frequently observed between September and December and the highest number of outbreaks was reported in 2010.

Keywords
Cattle – Ethiopia – Feedlot – Lumpy skin disease virus – Outbreak.

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