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Product title :

Animal health constraints to livestock exports from the Horn of Africa

Author(s) : B. Abbas, M.A. Yousif & H.M. Nur

Summary :

No. 06062014-00033-EN

The Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea) is home to the largest population of livestock in Africa and is the historic centre of the livestock trade to the Middle East and northern Africa. The recent resumption of livestock exports from the region has resulted in the handling of over one million head of cattle, sheep, goats and camels at one quarantine facility during a single year. Several of the importing countries for which the facility operates have differing hygiene requirements for the same diseases. Most of the animals handled in the facility come from pastoralist areas, which lack state Veterinary Services. The pathological conditions encountered during one year of monitoring were recorded and the impacts of some of the endemic diseases are discussed, together with particular import-limiting hygiene requirements on this trade.

Keywords

Diagnosis – Horn of Africa – Livestock trade – Quarantine – Vaccination.

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