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Product title :

Bayesian estimation of the seroprevalence of brucellosis in humans and livestock in Kyrgyzstan

Author(s) : S. Dürr, B. Bonfoh, E. Schelling, J. Kasymbekov, M.G. Doherr, N. Toktobaev, T. Schueth & J. Zinsstag

Summary :

No. 09122013-00024-EN

Kyrgyzstan reported 77.5 new cases of human brucellosis per 100,000 inhabitants in 2007, which is one of the highest incidences in the world. However, because this number is based on official records, it is very likely that the incidence is underreported. The diagnostic tests most commonly used in Kyrgyzstan are the Rose Bengal test in ruminants and the Huddleson test in humans. The sensitivity and specificity of these tests have never been evaluated under field conditions in Kyrgyzstan, where the strains circulating in livestock and humans are unknown. Therefore, a representative national cross-sectional serological study was undertaken in humans, cattle, sheep and goats to assess the true seroprevalence and to compare different serological tests. In the year of study (2006), few animals were vaccinated against brucellosis in Kyrgyzstan.

Keywords
Animal – Bayesian model – Brucellosis – Human – Kyrgyzstan – Serology – True seroprevalence – Zoonosis.

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