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|Product title :||
Integrating animal health surveillance and food safety: the example of Anisakis
|Author(s) :||E. Pozio|
Nematodes of the genera Anisakis and Pseudoterranova (family Anisakidae) are zoonotic parasites for which marine mammals (e.g. whales, dolphins, porpoises, seals, sea lions, walruses) act as final hosts, and crustaceans, cephalopods and fish as intermediate and/or paratenic hosts. In humans, the ingestion of Anisakidae larvae can result in infection with live larvae, an allergic reaction to Anisakidae allergens (even when dead larvae are ingested), or both. Worldwide, more than 2,000 infections are diagnosed in humans every year, yet most of the infections and allergic reactions are undiagnosed. A very high prevalence of anisakid larvae has been found in many commercially important species of fish, cephalopods and crustaceans. Preventive measures for anisakiosis focus on post-harvest handling.