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Product title :

Use of antibiotics in plant agriculture

Author(s) : V.O. Stockwell & B. Duffy

Summary :

Antibiotics are essential for control of bacterial diseases of plants, especially fire blight of pear and apple and bacterial spot of peach. Streptomycin is used in several countries; the use of oxytetracycline, oxolinic acid and gentamicin is limited to only a few countries. Springtime antibiotic sprays suppress pathogen growth on flowers and leaf surfaces before infection; after infection, antibiotics are ineffective. Antibiotics are applied when disease risk is high, and consequently the majority of orchards are not treated annually. In 2009 in the United States, 16,465 kg (active ingredient) was applied to orchards, which is 0.12% of the total antibiotics used in animal agriculture.
 
Keywords
Antibiotic residue – Bacterial panicle blight of rice – Bacterial spot of peach – Burkholderia glumaeErwinia amylovora – Fire blight of pear and apple – Gentamicin – Oxolinic acid – Oxytetracycline – Plant disease control – Streptomycin – Xanthomonas arboricola pv. Pruni.

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