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Product title :

Human use of antimicrobial agents

Author(s) : P. Zarb & H. Goossens

Summary :

Antibiotics have increased life expectancy. Self-medication, even over the Internet, occurs in many countries where antibiotics are classified as prescription-only medicines. Collateral damage caused by antibiotic use includes resistance, which could be reduced if the inappropriate use of antibiotics that takes place globally, especially in low-income countries, could be prevented. Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance can recognise trends in resistance patterns and novel resistances. Surveillance of antimicrobial consumption can identify and target practice areas for quality improvement, both in the community and in healthcare institutions. Antimicrobial stewardship initiatives and infection control programmes play an important role in decreasing inappropriate use and halting dissemination of resistance.
 
Keywords
Antimicrobial resistance – Antimicrobial stewardship – Human antimicrobial consumption – Legal classification of antimicrobials – Self-medication – Surveillance – Veterinary antimicrobial consumption.

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